In a sense, it is transitions that make a paper become an actual essay as opposed to just a random assortment of various facts. Without them, an essay will often seem to be lacking in unity. If your paper seems choppy, lacking in flow, or generally unorganized, these are all signs that your paper is lacking transitions. Also, the longer an essay is and the more points that are presented, the greater the need for transitions to connect all of the important ideas. The following examples provide a paragraph without transitions, followed by a revised paragraph that contains them:.
What Are Transitions?
Notice how the paragraph above contains valuable information about the use of transitions, but the sentences seem disconnected. It reads as if there are several ideas that are simply thrown together. Now read the paragraph below and see how using a few minor transitions allows the sentences and the information in them to be more connected the transitions that have been added are in bold :.
The following is a categorized list of transitional words that can be used, depending on the type of transition that is needed:. To Show Exception: however, nevertheless, in spite of, yet, still, despite, of course, once in a while, sometimes, unfortunately.
Purpose of Transition Words
To Compare: however, on the other hand, on the contrary, in contrast, whereas, but, yet, nevertheless, by comparison, compared to, conversely, up against, balanced against, but, although, meanwhile, after all, while this may be true. To Emphasize: indeed, certainly, in any case, without a doubt, obviously, definitely, extremely, in fact, absolutely, positively, naturally, surprisingly, emphatically, unquestionably , undeniably, without reservation, always, never.
Transitions cannot substitute for good organization, but they can make your organization clearer and easier to follow.
Take a look at the following example:. El Pais , a Latin American country, has a new democratic government after having been a dictatorship for many years. Assume that you want to argue that El Pais is not as democratic as the conventional view would have us believe.
One way to effectively organize your argument would be to present the conventional view and then to provide the reader with your critical response to this view. So, in Paragraph A you would enumerate all the reasons that someone might consider El Pais highly democratic, while in Paragraph B you would refute these points. The transition that would establish the logical connection between these two key elements of your argument would indicate to the reader that the information in paragraph B contradicts the information in paragraph A.
As a result, you might organize your argument, including the transition that links paragraph A with paragraph B, in the following manner:.
Importance of Good Transition Words
In this way, transitions act as the glue that binds the components of your argument or discussion into a unified, coherent, and persuasive whole. Now that you have a general idea of how to go about developing effective transitions in your writing, let us briefly discuss the types of transitions your writing will use. The types of transitions available to you are as diverse as the circumstances in which you need to use them.
enter site A transition can be a single word, a phrase, a sentence, or an entire paragraph. Counselling Harassment. Accommodation Health services Sport and gym. What are transition signals?
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Sample text During  the early twentieth century, in addition  to industrialisation, urban growth and technological development, Australian society was experiencing a transformation of the domestic ideal. To indicate sequence or to logically order ideas first, second, third etc. To refer to a specific incident or example for example to illustrate for instance in the case of case specifically namely in this case such as on this occasion notably.
To provide emphasis or indicate importance indeed above all especially particularly crucially.
To indicate result or cause and effect as a result of this consequently as a consequence therefore thus hence accordingly for this reason because of this so much so that. To introduce a similar idea similarly equally in the same way likewise. To add another idea or more information in addition furthermore besides also it could also be said additionally another further moreover. To give an example take the case of for example for instance in this case to demonstrate. To identify or clarify that is to say namely specifically thus in other words. To summarise or conclude finally in brief on the whole overall therefore in conclusion in other words thus consequently as a result ultimately in summary hence to summarise.
Academic Skills Referencing. Essay and assignment writing. Quotations and paraphrases.